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BMC Pediatr. 2008 Oct 18;8:44. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-8-44.

Energy and macronutrient intakes in preschool children in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Author information

1
Nutrition Centre of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. thudieuhuynh@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has been documented in preschool children in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. However, little is known about what preschool children in HCMC eat or how well their nutrient intake meets nutrient recommendations. This study aims to describe the energy and macronutrient intake and compare these nutrient intakes with the recommendations for Vietnamese children aged four to five years.

METHODS:

The data comes from the baseline measurement of a one year follow-up study on obesity in 670 children attending kindergartens in HCMC. Dietary information for each child at the school and home settings was collected using Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs), by interviewing teachers and parents or main caregivers. The average energy and nutrient intake in a day was calculated. The proportion of children with energy intake from macronutrients meeting or exceeding the recommendations was estimated based on the 2006 recommended daily allowance (RDA) for Vietnamese children in this age group.

RESULTS:

The dietary intake of the participants contained more energy from protein and fat, particularly animal protein and fat, and less energy from carbohydrates, than the RDA. Most children (98.1%) had mean energy intake from protein greater than the recommended level of 15%, and no child obtained energy from animal fat that was in accordance with the recommendation of less than 30% of the total fat intake. Nearly one half of children (46.5%) consumed less than the advised range of mean energy intake from carbohydrate (60%-70%).

CONCLUSION:

In this preschool child population in HCMC, in which obesity is emerging as major public health problem, there is an imbalance in dietary intake. Healthy eating programs need to be developed as a part of an obesity prevention program for young children in HCMC.

PMID:
18928562
PMCID:
PMC2575195
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2431-8-44
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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