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Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2009;49:377-94. doi: 10.1146/annurev.pharmtox.011008.145553.

Emerging pharmacology: inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus integration.

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Merck Research Labs, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.


The first integrase inhibitor licensed to treat HIV-1 infection was approved in late 2007, more than a decade after the introduction of the first inhibitors of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and protease. The unique biochemical and molecular mechanism of action of this novel class of antiretroviral drugs is the fundamental basis for their activity in treating multidrug-resistant HIV-1 infection and is important for understanding both the cellular and in vivo pharmacology and metabolism of these agents. In addition, available pharmacokinetic and drug interaction data for raltegravir and elvitegravir, the two integrase inhibitors that are the most advanced in clinical development to date, are reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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