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Development. 2008 Nov;135(22):3719-29. doi: 10.1242/dev.029025. Epub 2008 Oct 16.

Wnt5a and Wnt11 interact in a maternal Dkk1-regulated fashion to activate both canonical and non-canonical signaling in Xenopus axis formation.

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  • 1Division of Developmental Biology, Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.

Abstract

Wnt signaling in development and adult tissue homeostasis requires tight regulation to prevent patterning abnormalities and tumor formation. Here, we show that the maternal Wnt antagonist Dkk1 downregulates both the canonical and non-canonical signaling that are required for the correct establishment of the axes of the Xenopus embryo. We find that the target Wnts of Dkk activity are maternal Wnt5a and Wnt11, and that both Wnts are essential for canonical and non-canonical signaling. We determine that Wnt5a and Wnt11 form a previously unrecognized complex. This work suggests a new aspect of Wnt signaling: two Wnts acting in a complex together to regulate embryonic patterning.

PMID:
18927149
DOI:
10.1242/dev.029025
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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