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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Nov;12(11):1336-9.

Female-male differences at various clinical steps of tuberculosis management in rural Bangladesh.

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Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


A registry data-based study of 3,600 patients systematically drawn from out-patient clinic, laboratory and tuberculosis (TB) treatment registers (1200 from each) examined female-male differences at various clinical steps of TB management and compared selective indicators with published results. Female-to-male ratios (FMR) declined at the following clinical steps: respiratory patients seeking out-patient care (0.81), TB suspects submitting sputum for testing (0.52) and smear-positive test results (0.38), but the decline ceased at treatment initiation (0.41). Compared to 1997, the FMR in 2000 had decreased for out-patient clinics and sputum submission for testing, but had increased for smear-positive test results and treatment initiation. More female than male patients who underwent treatment achieved cure (93% vs. 89%). Lower female representation at the different clinical steps of TB management persists.

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