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Mol Biol Cell. 2009 Jan;20(1):176-87. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E08-09-0904. Epub 2008 Oct 15.

Nucleocytoplasmic traffic of CPEB1 and accumulation in Crm1 nucleolar bodies.

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1
CNRS, Institut André Lwoff, Villejuif Cedex, France.

Abstract

The translational regulator CPEB1 plays a major role in the control of maternal mRNA in oocytes, as well as of subsynaptic mRNAs in neurons. Although mainly cytoplasmic, we found that CPEB1 protein is continuously shuttling between nucleus and cytoplasm. Its export is controlled by two redundant NES motifs dependent on the nuclear export receptor Crm1. In the nucleus, CPEB1 accumulates in a few foci most often associated with nucleoli. These foci are different from previously identified nuclear bodies. They contain Crm1 and were called Crm1 nucleolar bodies (CNoBs). CNoBs depend on RNA polymerase I activity, indicating a role in ribosome biogenesis. However, although they form in the nucleolus, they never migrate to the nuclear envelope, precluding a role as a mediator for ribosome export. They could rather constitute a platform providing factors for ribosome assembly or export. The behavior of CPEB1 in CNoBs raises the possibility that it is involved in ribosome biogenesis.

PMID:
18923137
PMCID:
PMC2613105
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E08-09-0904
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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