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Respirology. 2008 Nov;13(7):972-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2008.01398.x.

Serial analysis of gene expression in a rat lung model of asthma.

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1
Graduate School and 3Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

The pathogenesis and molecular mechanism underlying asthma remain undetermined. The purpose of this study was to identify genes and pathways involved in the early airway response (EAR) phase of asthma by using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE).

METHODS:

Two SAGE tag libraries of lung tissues derived from a rat model of asthma and controls were generated. Bioinformatic analyses were carried out using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and IntegratedDiscovery Functional Annotation Tool, Gene Ontology (GO) TreeMachine and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis.

RESULTS:

A total of 26 552 SAGE tags of asthmatic rat lung were obtained, of which 12 221 were unique tags. Of the unique tags, 55.5% were matched with known genes. By comparison of the two libraries, 186 differentially expressed tags (P < 0.05) were identified, of which 103 were upregulated and 83 were downregulated. Using the bioinformatic tools these genes were classified into 23 functional groups, 15 KEGG pathways and 37 enriched GO categories.

CONCLUSIONS:

The bioinformatic analyses of gene distribution, enriched categories and the involvement of specific pathways in the SAGE libraries have provided information on regulatory networks of the EAR phase of asthma. Analyses of the regulated genes of interest may inform new hypotheses, increase our understanding of the disease and provide a foundation for future research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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