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No Shinkei Geka. 1991 Jul;19(7):689-94.

[A case of adult pilocytic astrocytoma in the right temporal lobe].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Surgical Neurology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels-Akita, Japan.


A case of adult pilocytic astrocytoma in the right temporal lobe is reported here. The patient was a twenty-four year old man, who came to the neurological division of our hospital on October 6, 1987 because of repeated consciousness-loss attacks accompanied with uncinate fit. He had no neurological deficits. However, an EEG revealed spike-and-wave complexes in the right temporal region, and a CT scan showed a small cystic lesion in the right temporal lobe. A diagnosis of psychomotor seizure was made, and the administration of anticonvulsants was started. The incidence of attack then decreased, but after approximately two years of drug therapy the attacks increased again. A CT scan was again performed, and revealed that the lesion in the right temporal lobe was enlarging. Also a noticeable enhanced lesion, identified as a mural nodule was found in the post-contrast enhancement study. A brain tumor was then suspected, and he was admitted to the neurosurgical division on October 11, 1989. He had no neurological deficits on admission. An MRI showed a low intensity lesion in the T1 weighted image, and a high intensity lesion in the T2 weighted image. A cystic lesion with a marked enhanced mural nodule was also found in the base of the right temporal lobe, according to the Gd enhancement study. Perifocal edema was not recognized. Cerebral angiography showed no positive findings. Positron emission tomography (PET), using H2(15)O, revealed low perfusion at or around the lesion, and PET using [11C]-methionine revealed an accumulation of methionine at the lesion. A diagnosis of low-grade glioma was made, and a right temporal craniotomy, for the purpose of totally removing the tumor was performed on October 26, 1989.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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