Send to

Choose Destination
Anticancer Res. 1991 May-Jun;11(3):1323-6.

Progesterone-binding cyst protein (PBCP = GCDFP-24) and steroid hormone receptors as markers of differentiation in breast cancer. Inverse relation of distribution in normal and malignant tissue of the same breast.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Rogaland Central Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.


Progesterone-binding cyst protein (PBCP, identical to Gross Cystic Disease Fluid Protein; GCDFP-24) has been evaluated as a possible marker of differentiation in breast tissues. In 17 women with verified operable breast cancer, we have quantitated the cytosol content of PBCP, steroid hormone receptors (estrogen receptor[ER], progesterone receptor[PR] and androgen receptor[AR] as well as albumin in specimens from the primary tumor and from the adjacent non-malignant tissue of the same breast. A significantly higher amount of PBCP (p less than 0.001) and albumin (p less than 0.003) was found in the non-malignant tissue. Conversely, the content of steroid receptors was significantly higher (p less than 0.001) in the malignant tumor, compared to the non-malignant breast tissue. A significant correlation (p = 0.005) between PBCP content in the malignant tumor and in the non-malignant tissue was found. In malignant tissue, ER was significantly correlated with AR (p = 0.007) and to age at operation (p = 0.006). Our results are in agreement with recent reports on other tissue parameters, which indicate qualitative and quantitative differences between the malignant and the non-malignant counterpart with regard to regulation of cell growth and the expression of differentiation markers. This study provides evidence for PBCP as a marker of differentiation to be implemented in further clinical and basic research on breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center