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Pancreas. 1991 Mar;6(2):197-201.

Role of cholecystokinin in pancreatic bicarbonate secretion in dogs.

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Isaac Gordon Center for Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, Genesee Hospital, Rochester, New York 14607.


We investigated the effects of endogenous and exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) on pancreatic exocrine secretion, in particular that of bicarbonate. In six dogs prepared with gastric cannulas and Thomas duodenal cannulas, intraduodenal administration of corn oil (Lipomul) incubated with hog pancreatic enzymes significantly increased pancreatic secretion of both bicarbonate and protein. Increase in pancreatic secretion of both bicarbonate and protein was accompanied by the increase in plasma CCK concentration. However, the increase in bicarbonate as well as protein secretion was blocked by proglumide, a CCK antagonist, given intravenously. In contrast, intraduodenal infusion of undigested Lipomul failed to stimulate the pancreatic exocrine secretion or release of endogenous CCK. These observations indicate that endogenous CCK plays an important role in secretion of both bicarbonate and protein stimulated by digested corn oil. In a group of four dogs with pancreatic fistulas, intravenous infusion of CCK potentiated the stimulatory effect of secretin on pancreatic bicarbonate secretion. The stimulatory effect as well as potentiating effect of CCK on pancreatic bicarbonate secretion was blocked by infusion of proglumide. We conclude that endogenous CCK plays a significant role in fat-stimulated pancreatic secretion, and it is apparent that both endogenous CCK and secretin are equally important for stimulation of pancreatic bicarbonate secretion, which results from potentiation of the action of the two hormones.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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