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Eur J Biochem. 1976 Nov 15;70(2):419-26.

Separation and characterization of two phosphorylase phosphatase inhibitors from rabbit skeletal muscle.

Abstract

Two heat-stable and trypsin-labile inhibitors of phosphorylase phosphatase, designated inhibitor-1 and inhibitor-2, were partially purified from extracts of rabbit skeletal muscle by heating and coloumn chromatography using DEAE-dellulose and Bio-gel P-60. Inhibitor-1 exists in an active phosphorylated form and an inactive dephosphorylated form. The interconversion of phosphorylated inhibitor-1 and dephosphorylated inhibitor-1 is mediated by protein kinase dependent on adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and a Mn2+-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphatase. Inhibitory activity of inhibitor-2 is not influenced by treatment with either the kinase or the Mn2+-stimulated phosphatase. The molecular weights of inhibitor-1 and inhibitor-2 estimated by sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis are 26000 and 33000 respectively. Both inhibitor-1 and inhibitor-2 inhibit phosphorylase phosphatase by a mechanism which appears to be non-competitive with respect to the substrate phosphorylase a. Inhibitor fractions at early stages of purification also inhibit cyclic-AMP-dependent histone phosphorylation, but this kinase inhibitory activity resides with a protein moiety which is separable from inhibitor-1 and inhibitor-2.

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