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Jpn J Pharmacol. 1991 Apr;55(4):425-36.

Differences in the antisecretory actions of the proton pump inhibitor AG-1749 (lansoprazole) and the histamine H2-receptor antagonist famotidine in rats and dogs.

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1
Biology Research Laboratories, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd., Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Antisecretory effects of a substituted benzimidazole, (+/-)-2-[[[3-methyl-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-2-pyridyl]methyl] sulfinyl]-1H-benzimidazole (AG-1749) were compared with those of a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, famotidine. AG-1749 inhibited acid formation regardless of the stimulant in isolated canine parietal cells, while famotidine inhibited the histamine-stimulated acid formation selectively. In pylorus-ligated rats, AG-1749 suppressed basal acid secretion, histamine-, bethanechol-, pentagastrin-, 2-deoxy-D-glucose- and stress (restraint and water-immersion)-induced acid secretion; ID50 values were 1.0-6.0 mg/kg. On the other hand, famotidine only partially inhibited the acid secretion induced by 2-deoxy-D-glucose or stress, although it suppressed the acid secretion stimulated by other secretagogues several times more potently than AG-1749. The antisecretory effect of AG-1749 lasted longer than that of famotidine, especially in the case of bethanechol-stimulated acid secretion. In Heidenhain pouch dogs, both AG-1749 and famotidine potently inhibited histamine-, bethanechol-, pentagastrin- and peptone meal-stimulated acid secretion, but the inhibitory effect of famotidine was short-lived in the case of bethanechol- and pentagastrin-stimulated acid secretion. These results suggest that AG-1749 persistently inhibits acid secretion induced by both peripheral and central stimuli and suggest that the antisecretory effect of famotidine depends on the nature of the stimuli.

PMID:
1886288
DOI:
10.1254/jjp.55.425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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