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J Neurogenet. 1991;7(4):193-211.

Examination of neurons in wild type and mutants of Caenorhabditis elegans using antibodies to horseradish peroxidase.

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Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan.


Antibodies to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) recognize 27 of 302 neurons and several non-neuronal cells in adult hermaphrodites of the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and can be used to label these cells for cytological analysis in whole animals. The antibodies bind to the anterior members, but not to the posterior members of a set of mechanosensory neurons in wild type animals. Binding to one of the posterior mechanosensory neurons (PVM) occurs when this neuron migrates to an abnormal anterior position in mab-5 mutant animals, suggesting that expression of the epitope recognized by these antibodies is position dependent or that mab-5 mutations transform PVM into AVM intrinsically. The antibodies were used to characterize morphologies of two pairs of lumbar neurons (PHC and PVN) in uncoordinated mutants representing 95 unc genes. PHC and PVN morphologies were normal in most of the unc mutants examined, however, in mutants of 9 unc genes (unc-6, unc-13, unc-33, unc-44, unc-51, unc-61, unc-71, unc-73, and unc-98), misdirected PHC and/or PVN processes were observed at a high frequency. The morphologies of 2 other lumbar neurons, PHA and PHB, were determined previously in these mutants (Hedgecock et al., 1985). Mutations in most, but not all of these 9 unc genes affect the growth of the embryonic lumbar neurons PHA and PHB differently than they affect the growth of the postembryonic lumbar neurons PHC and PVN, indicating that these neurons require different, but overlapping sets of genes for different stages of normal growth and guidance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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