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Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008 Oct;21(4):606-25. doi: 10.1128/CMR.00013-08.

Candida parapsilosis, an emerging fungal pathogen.

Author information

1
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Abstract

Candida parapsilosis is an emerging major human pathogen that has dramatically increased in significance and prevalence over the past 2 decades, such that C. parapsilosis is now one of the leading causes of invasive candidal disease. Individuals at the highest risk for severe infection include neonates and patients in intensive care units. C. parapsilosis infections are especially associated with hyperalimentation solutions, prosthetic devices, and indwelling catheters, as well as the nosocomial spread of disease through the hands of health care workers. Factors involved in disease pathogenesis include the secretion of hydrolytic enzymes, adhesion to prosthetics, and biofilm formation. New molecular genetic tools are providing additional and much-needed information regarding C. parapsilosis virulence. The emerging information will provide a deeper understanding of C. parapsilosis pathogenesis and facilitate the development of new therapeutic approaches for treating C. parapsilosis infections.

PMID:
18854483
PMCID:
PMC2570155
DOI:
10.1128/CMR.00013-08
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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