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Opt Express. 2008 Oct 13;16(21):16459-66.

Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network.

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Institute for Laser Science, University of electro-communications, Chofugaoka Chofu-shi, Tokyo, Japan.


Optical frequency at 1542 nm was coherently transferred over a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network between two cities (Tsukuba and Tokyo) in Japan separated by more than 50 km. The phase noise induced by the fiber length fluctuations was actively reduced by using a fiber stretcher and an acousto-optic modulator. The fractional frequency instability of the one-way transmitted light was reduced down to less than 8.0 x 10(-16) at an averaging time of 1s, which is limited by the theoretical limit deduced from the length and the intrinsic noise of the fiber.

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