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Biomaterials. 2009 Jan;30(2):226-32. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.09.014. Epub 2008 Oct 11.

The performance of docetaxel-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles targeted to hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China.


Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of death worldwide. Targeted uptake of therapeutic agent in the cell-, tissue- or disease-specific manner represents a potential technology for the treatment of HCC. A new docetaxel-loaded hepatoma-targeted solid lipid nanoparticle (tSLN) was designed and prepared with galactosylated dioleoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine. The cellular cytotoxicity, cellular uptake, subcellular localization, in vivo toxicity, therapeutic effect, biodistribution and histology of tSLNs were investigated. The tSLNs showed the particle size about 120nm with encapsulation efficiency >90%, a low burst effect within the first day and a sustained release for the next 29 days in vitro. Cytotoxicity of tSLNs against hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL7402 was superior to Taxotere and non-targeted SLNs (nSLNs). The tSLNs also showed better tolerant and antitumor efficacy in murine model bearing hepatoma compared with Taxotere or nSLNs. The studies on cellular uptake and biodistribution indicated that the better antitumor efficacy of tSLNs was attributed to both the increased accumulation of drug in tumor and more cellular uptake by hepatoma cells. The histology demonstrated that tSLNs had no detrimental effect on both healthy liver and liver with fibrosis. These results implied that this targeted nanocarrier of docetaxel could enhance its antitumor effect in vivo with low systemic toxicity for the treatment of locally advanced and metastatic HCC.

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