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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2008 Oct;24(10):1309-14. doi: 10.1089/aid.2008.0124.

Near full-length genome characterization of an HIV type 1 CRF25_cpx strain from Cameroon.

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  • 1Abbott Diagnostics, AIDS Research and Retrovirus Discovery, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064, USA.


Recombinant forms of HIV-1 contribute significantly to the ongoing epidemic. In the present study, we characterized the near full-length genome of one candidate HIV-1 CRF25_cpx strain originating in Cameroon, 06CM-BA-040. Viral RNA was extracted from plasma, and the genome was obtained using RT-PCR amplification to generate 10 overlapping fragments. Bootscanning, recombination breakpoint analysis, and phylogenetic trees confirmed that 06CM-BA-040 had a genomic structure consistent with two available CRF25_cpx reference sequences. The CRF25_cpx mosaic composition consisted of nine segments derived from subtypes A and G as well as unclassified (U) regions. Subtype G and CRF25_cpx clusters diverged from each other with long branch lengths but were distinct from other known subtypes with high bootstrap support (94%). The epidemiological significance of CRF25_cpx strains is unknown; however, the availability of additional genomic sequences will improve our understanding of the overall genetic diversity within this recombinant form of HIV-1.

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