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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Sep 12;101(11):117601. Epub 2008 Sep 12.

Excited-state spectroscopy using single spin manipulation in diamond.

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Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA.


We use single-spin resonant spectroscopy to study the spin structure in the orbital excited state of a diamond nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) center at room temperature. The data show that the excited-state spin levels have a zero-field splitting that is approximately half of the value of the ground state levels, a g factor similar to the ground state value, and a hyperfine splitting approximately 20x larger than in the ground state. In addition, the width of the resonances reflects the electronic lifetime in the excited state. We also show that the spin level splitting can significantly differ between N-V centers, likely due to the effects of local strain, which provides a pathway to control over the spin Hamiltonian and may be useful for quantum-information processing.

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