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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2009 Mar-Apr;5(2):218-23. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2008.08.007. Epub 2008 Aug 19.

Disappointing mid-term results after laparoscopic gastric banding in young patients.

Author information

1
Department of General and Transplant Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

When gastric banding was introduced as a bariatric operation about 12 years previously, its early results were promising, with a low complication rate. Only a few long-term studies on this subject have been published. This study was performed to assess our results with laparoscopic gastric banding in young patients after<or=10 years of follow-up.

METHODS:

From January 1996 to December 2000, a total of 41 patients (83% female, 17% male)<25 years old underwent laparoscopic gastric banding at our institution. The patient data were derived from the electronic patient data system, paper charts, and a telephone interview. Psychosocial changes were analyzed using the Moorehead-Ardelt/Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The mean preoperative body mass index was 44.26+/-6.53 kg/m2, with a mean excess weight of 65.22+/-20.48 kg. The body mass index after 1, 5, and 7 years was 31.50+/-7.38 kg/m2, 31.12+/-7.10 kg/m2, and 32.88+/-5.68 kg/m2, respectively. The mean excess weight loss after 1 year was 60.07%+/-25.33%, and after 5 and 7 years, it was 64.84%+/-27.45% and 57.48%+/-28.07%, respectively. An improvement in obesity-related co-morbidities was observed in nearly all patients. Of our patients, 52% had complications requiring reoperation (27% pouch dilation, 10% band leakage, 5% intragastral band migration, 5% perforation of either the esophagus or the stomach, and 5% port disconnection). According to Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System, the long-term outcome was regarded as a failure in 40%, fair in 4%, good in 28%, very good in 20%, and excellent in 8% of patients.

CONCLUSION:

Our mid-term results were disappointing, with a high complication rate and many dissatisfied patients.

PMID:
18849198
DOI:
10.1016/j.soard.2008.08.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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