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Exp Cell Res. 2008 Nov 15;314(19):3478-93. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2008.09.013. Epub 2008 Sep 26.

TGF-beta induces formation of F-actin cores and matrix degradation in human breast cancer cells via distinct signaling pathways.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-7696, USA.


Transforming growth factor beta regulates many biological processes including cell motility and invasion. Podosomes are specialized F-actin rich structures found in normal cells, such as osteoclasts and macrophages. Tumor cells often form related structures called invadopodia that are thought to promote invasion and metastasis. Here we show that human breast cancer cells organize F-actin rich structures in response to transforming growth factor beta that colocalize with areas of extracellular matrix degradation. We further show that organizing the complex of proteins needed to form these structures requires signaling through phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase and Src kinase, while activating the proteases involved in degradation of extracellular matrix requires extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling, and that each of these pathways is activated by transforming growth factor beta in CA1D human breast cancer cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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