Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci. 2008 Oct;28(5):549-52. doi: 10.1007/s11596-008-0513-y. Epub 2008 Oct 10.

Regulatory T cells and their molecular markers in peripheral blood of the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Author information

  • 1Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. sxianhu@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and the expression of their molecular markers (GITR, Foxp3) in peripheral blood of the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were investigated in order to reveal the pathogenesis of SLE on the cellular and molecular levels. The level of Tregs in peripheral blood was detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of GITR and Foxp3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were assayed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The level of IL-6 in the plasma was measured by ELISA. Comparisons were made among 3 groups: the active SLE group, the inactive SLE group, and normal control group. The level of Tregs in the active SLE group and the inactive SLE group was significantly lower than in the normal control group (P<0.01). The level of Tregs in the active group was lower than in the inactive group with the difference being not significant (P>0.05). The level of Tregs in SLE patients was significantly negatively correlated with the disease active index in SLE (SLEDAI) (r=-0.81, P<0.01). The expression levels of GITR mRNA in PBMCs of the active SLE group and the inactive SLE group were significantly higher than in the normal control group (P<0.05), and those of Foxp3 mRNA in SLE patients of both active and inactive SLE groups were significantly lower than in the normal control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of GITR and Foxp3 mRNA between the active SLE group and inactive SLE group (P>0.05). The plasma levels of IL-6 in both the inactive SLE group and active SLE group were significantly higher than in the normal control group (P<0.01). The plasma level of IL-6 in the active SLE group was significantly increased as compared with that in the inactive SLE group (P<0.05), and the plasma level of IL-6 in SLE was significantly positively correlated with SLEDAI scores (r=0.58, P<0.01) and significantly negatively correlated with the ratio of CD4(+)CD25(+) cells/CD4(+) cells (r=-0.389, P<0.05). It was concluded that the levels of Tregs and Foxp3 mRNA in peripheral blood of SLE patients were decreased and the levels of GITR mRNA and plasma IL-6 were increased. The Tregs and their molecular markers GITR, Foxp3 as well as the plasma IL-6 might play an important role in the pathogenesis of SLE.

PMID:
18846336
DOI:
10.1007/s11596-008-0513-y
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center