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Expert Rev Dermatol. 2007;2(4):451-469.

Mechanism of UV-related carcinogenesis and its contribution to nevi/melanoma.

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1
Department of Medical Biology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland, Tel: (4856)611-4776, , E-mail: abrozyna@biol.uni.torun.pl.

Abstract

Melanoma consists 4-5 % of all skin cancers, but it contributes to 71-80 % of skin cancers deaths. UV light affects cell and tissue homeostasis due to its damaging effects on DNA integrity and modification of expression of a plethora of genes. DNA repair systems protect cells from UV-induced lesions. Several animal models of melanoma have been developed (Xiphophorus, Opossum Monodelphis domestica, mouse models and human skin engrafts into other animals). This review discusses possible links between UV and genes significantly related to melanoma but does not discuss melanoma genetics. These include oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, genes related to melanocyte-keratinocyte and melanocyte-matrix interaction, growth factors and their receptors, CRH, ACTH, α-MSH, glucocorticoids, ID1, NF-kappaB and vitamin D3.

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