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Cancer Lett. 1991 Aug;59(2):139-43.

Activating mutations at codon 61 of the c-Ha-ras gene in thin-tissue sections of tumors induced by aristolochic acid in rats and mice.

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Institute of Toxicology and Chemotherapy, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg.


The plant extract aristolochic acid, which consists mainly of aristolochic acid I (AAI) and aristolochic acid II (AAII), induces tumors in rats and mice. Thin-tissue sections of rat tumors induced by AAI and of mouse tumors induced by aristolochic acid, were analyzed for c-Ha-ras mutations in codon 61. Areas of neoplastic and histologically normal tissue were manually scraped out and separated. Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and mutation detection by selective oligonucleotide hybridization, we observed AT----TA transversion mutations in DNA of neoplastic portions, but not in DNA of adjacent normal tissue in both rat and mouse tumors.

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