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Lung. 2008 Nov-Dec;186(6):361-8. doi: 10.1007/s00408-008-9119-1. Epub 2008 Oct 9.

Lower airway disease in asthmatics with and without rhinitis.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Vermont Lung Center, HSRF 226, 149 Beaumont Avenue, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. Anne.dixon@uvm.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to determine if asthma with rhinitis and asthma without rhinitis represent distinct forms of disease.

DESIGN:

We performed a prospective cross-sectional study.

PARTICIPANTS:

The study included healthy controls, participants with asthma without rhinitis, and participants with both asthma and rhinitis. Interventions We compared lung function and airway inflammation between the three groups of participants.

RESULTS:

We recruited 32 participants: 12 normals, 8 asthmatics without rhinitis, and 12 with rhinitis. Compared to asthmatics with rhinitis, asthmatics without rhinitis had more severe airflow limitation (FEV(1)/FVC = 60.6% [IQR = 22.8] vs. 74.8% [IQR = 7.8] and fewer induced sputum eosinophils (2.8 [IQR = 5.8] and 9.6 [IQR = 23.8], respectively). Sputum interleukin-6 correlated inversely with lung function measured by postbronchodilator FEV(1) in the study cohort (Spearman correlation coefficient = -0.55, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Asthmatics without rhinitis tend to have lower lung function and less eosinophilic inflammation in the lung. This small study suggests that asthmatics without rhinitis represent a distinct phenotype of asthma in which low lung function is dissociated from eosinophilic cellular inflammation, and it suggests that larger studies addressing this phenotype are warrented.

PMID:
18843517
PMCID:
PMC2826710
DOI:
10.1007/s00408-008-9119-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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