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Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;247(2):283-6. doi: 10.1007/s00417-008-0955-8. Epub 2008 Oct 9.

Acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis.

Author information

1
Eye Pathology Laboratory and Cornea/External Disease Service, Wilmer Eye Institute and Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acanthamoeba scleritis is an uncommon but severe complication of acanthamoeba keratitis. We report the clinical and histopathologic features of a patient with acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis.

METHODS:

Review of the patient's clinical records and histopathologic examination of the globe including light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS:

Review of the clinical record of the patient revealed a past ocular history of penetrating keratoplasty for persistent acanthamoeba keratitis. Later in the course of treatment, the patient developed nodular necrotizing scleritis with culture-proven viable acanthamoeba in this area. She underwent enucleation of the eye for persistent acanthamoeba sclerokeratitis. Histopathologic examination of the globe revealed no acanthamoeba cysts or trophozoites at the site of crotherapy.

CONCLUSION:

Our study provides evidence for the invasion of acanthamoeba organisms into the sclera in a case of acanthamoeba keratitis. The presence of trophozites in scleral tissue may exacerbate the immune response leading to nodular scleritis.

PMID:
18843498
DOI:
10.1007/s00417-008-0955-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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