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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2008 Dec;295(6):F1778-89. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.90501.2008. Epub 2008 Oct 8.

Role of p75NTR in female rat urinary bladder with cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis.

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  • 1Dept. of Neurology, Univ. of Vermont College of Medicine, D415A Given Research Bldg., Burlington, VT 05405, USA.


Previous studies demonstrated changes in urinary bladder neurotrophin content and upregulation of neurotrophin receptors, TrkA and the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)), in micturition reflex pathways after cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis. p75(NTR) can bind nerve growth factor (NGF) and modulate NGF-TrkA binding and signaling. We examined p75(NTR) expression and the role of p75(NTR) in the micturition reflex in control and CYP-treated rats. p75(NTR) Immunoreactivity was present throughout the urinary bladder. CYP-induced cystitis (4 h, 48 h, chronic) increased (P < or = 0.05) p75(NTR) expression in whole urinary bladder as shown by Western blotting. The role of p75(NTR) in bladder function in control and CYP-treated rats was determined using conscious cystometry and immunoneutralization or PD90780, a compound known to specifically block NGF binding to p75(NTR). An anti-p75(NTR) monoclonal antibody or PD90780 was infused intravesically and cystometric parameters were evaluated. Both methods of p75(NTR) blockade significantly (P < or = 0.05) decreased the intercontraction interval and void volume in control and CYP-treated rats. Intravesical infusion of PD90780 also significantly (P < or = 0.001) increased intravesical pressure and increased the number of nonvoiding contractions during the filling phase. Control intravesical infusions of isotype-matched IgG and vehicle were without effect. Intravesical instillation of PD90780 significantly (P < or = 0.01) reduced the volume threshold to elicit a micturition contraction in control rats (no inflammation) and CYP-treated in a closed urinary bladder system. These studies demonstrate 1) ubiquitous p75(NTR) expression in urinary bladder and increased expression with CYP-induced cystitis and 2) p75(NTR) blockade at the level of the urinary bladder produces bladder hyperreflexia in control and CYP-treated rats. The overall activity of the urinary bladder reflects the balance of NGF-p75(NTR) and NGF-TrkA signaling.

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