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Anal Chem. 2008 Nov 1;80(21):8020-7. doi: 10.1021/ac801033s. Epub 2008 Oct 8.

Direct electrochemistry of laccase immobilized on au nanoparticles encapsulated-dendrimer bonded conducting polymer: application for a catechin sensor.

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1
Department of Chemistry and Center for Innovative BioPhysio Sensor Technology, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, South Korea.

Abstract

The direct electrochemistry of laccase was promoted by Au nanoparticle (AuNP)-encapsulated dendrimers (Den), which was applied for the detection of catechin. To increase the electrical properties, AuNPs were captured in the interiors of the dendrimer (Den-AuNPs) as opposed to attachment at the periphery of dendrimer. To prepare Den-AuNPs, the Au(III) ions were first coordinated in the interior of dendrimer with nitrogen ligands and then reduced to form AuNPs. The size of AuNPs encapsulated within the interior of the dendrimer was determined to be 1.7 +/- 0.4 nm. AuNPs-encapsulated dendrimers were then used to covalently immobilize laccase (PDATT/ Den(AuNPs)/laccase) through the formation of amide bonds between carboxylic acid groups of the dendrimer and the amine groups of laccase. Each layer of the PDATT/Den(AuNPs)/laccase probe was characterized using CV, EIS, QCM, XPS, SEM, and TEM. The PDATT/Den(AuNPs)/laccase probe displayed a well-defined direct electron-transfer (DET) process of laccase. The quasi-reversible redox peak of the Cu redox center of the laccase molecule was observed at -0.03/+0.13 V vs Ag/AgCl, and the electron-transfer rate constant was determined to be 1.28 s (-1). A catechin biosensor based on the electrocatalytic process by direct electrochemistry of laccase was developed. The linear range and the detection limit in the catechin analysis were determined to be 0.1-10 and 0.05 +/- 0.003 microM, respectively. Interference effects from various phenolic and polyphenolic compounds were also studied, and the general applicability of the biosensor was evaluated by selective analysis of real samples of catechin.

PMID:
18841943
DOI:
10.1021/ac801033s
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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