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Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1991 Jul;41(3):410-6.

Isolation and characterization of a dimethyl sulfide-degrading methanogen, Methanolobus siciliae HI350, from an oil well, characterization of M. siciliae T4/MT, and emendation of M. siciliae.

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Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Oregon Graduate Institute, Beaverton 97006-1999.


We isolated strain HI350 from a gas and oil well in the Gulf of Mexico, characterized it, and found that it is closely related to Methanolobus siciliae T4/MT (T = type strain), which we also characterized. The previously published characterization of the type strain of M. siciliae was limited to the optimum temperature for growth, and our characterization suggested the species description given below. Cells are irregular, nonmotile, coccoid, and 1.5 to 3 microns in diameter. The catabolic substrates used include methanol, trimethylamine, and dimethyl sulfide, but not H2-CO2, formate, or acetate. Growth is fastest in the presence of 0.4 to 0.6 M Na+, in the presence of 60 to 200 mM Mg2+, at pH 6.5 to 6.8, and at 40 degrees C. Growth on trimethylamine is stimulated by yeast extract. An electrophoretic analysis confirmed that strain HI350 is closely related to strain T4/MT and indicated that major changes in the intracellular proteins of M. siciliae HI350 occur when the growth substrate is switched between dimethyl sulfide and trimethylamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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