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Cytotherapy. 2008;10(6):543-50. doi: 10.1080/14653240802345820.

Multipotent adult progenitor cells: their role in wound healing and the treatment of dermal wounds.

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University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


The use of cellular therapy in the treatment of dermal wounds is currently an active area of investigation. Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC) are an attractive choice for cytotherapy because they have a large proliferative potential, the ability to differentiate into different cell types and produce a variety of cytokines and growth factors important to wound healing. Whole bone marrow (BM) was one of the initial attempts to treat impaired wounds. While it has shown some promise, the low frequency of progenitor cell populations in BM and the large number of inflammatory cells make it less attractive. Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) and endothelial progenitor cells are populations of BM-derived progenitor cells that have been isolated and used to treat chronic wounds with some success. Skin-derived MAPC are another heterogeneous population of progenitor cells present in the skin with the potential to differentiate into skin elements and participate in wound healing. All of these progenitor cell populations are potential sources for cytotherapy of wounds. This review focused on the contribution of adult progenitor cell populations to dermal wound healing and their potential for use in cytotherapy.

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