Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Rev Immunol. 2008 Nov;8(11):849-60. doi: 10.1038/nri2413.

TRIM family proteins and their emerging roles in innate immunity.

Author information

1
Program of Genomics and Differentiation, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland 20892-2753, USA. ozatok@nih.gov

Abstract

The superfamily of tripartite motif-containing (TRIM) proteins is conserved throughout the metazoan kingdom and has expanded rapidly during vertebrate evolution; there are now more than 60 TRIM proteins known in humans and mice. Many TRIM proteins are induced by type I and type II interferons, which are crucial for many aspects of resistance to pathogens, and several are known to be required for the restriction of infection by lentiviruses. In this Review, we describe recent data that reveal broader antiviral and antimicrobial activities of TRIM proteins and discuss their involvement in the regulation of pathogen-recognition and transcriptional pathways in host defence.

PMID:
18836477
PMCID:
PMC3433745
DOI:
10.1038/nri2413
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center