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J AAPOS. 2008 Dec;12(6):551-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2008.05.002. Epub 2008 Oct 2.

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachments in children in India: clinical characteristics, risk factors, and surgical outcomes.

Author information

1
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. drneerajwadhwa@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe the spectrum of clinical features and surgical outcomes in children with rhegmatogenous retinal detachments in a tertiary-care hospital in northern India.

METHODS:

In this retrospective interventional case series, 230 eyes of 216 children 18 years of age or younger undergoing surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were included. Detailed history and complete ophthalmic and systemic examination was performed when essential. Risk factors for retinal detachment were noted. Surgical intervention consisted of scleral buckling alone or standard 3-port pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade. Rate of anatomical attachment and status of postoperative visual acuity were noted.

RESULTS:

Mean age was 11.12 +/- 3.56 years. Most patients (81.9%) were boys. Thirty-five (16.2%) patients had bilateral retinal detachment at presentation. Detachments tended to be complex, with 54.3% (125/230 eyes) having some form of proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Mean follow-up was 12.3 months. Complete retinal reattachment was achieved in 88.7% of eyes; however, visual recovery was modest.

CONCLUSIONS:

The most common conditions predisposing to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were peripheral retinal degeneration and trauma. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachments secondary to iridofundal coloboma may be more common than previously reported. A combination of buckling and vitreoretinal techniques helped achieve retinal reattachment in most cases. The presence of anterior proliferative vitreoretinopathy is a poor prognostic factor in terms of both anatomic success as well as visual improvement.

PMID:
18835797
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaapos.2008.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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