Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009 Jan;34(1):118-28. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.08.016. Epub 2008 Oct 4.

Effects of clozapine and olanzapine on cytokine systems are closely linked to weight gain and drug-induced fever.

Author information

1
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

The second generation antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine are known to cause weight gain. However, only clozapine is associated with drug-induced fever. Cytokines have been linked to the induction of both weight gain and drug-induced fever. We investigated these potential side effects of clozapine and olanzapine and studied their differential effects on cytokine secretion. Thirty patients suffering from schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder or schizoaffective disorder were treated with either clozapine (mean modal dose: 266.7+/-77.9mg) or olanzapine (21.2+/-2.5mg) in a randomized, double-blind, 6-week study. Body mass index (BMI), tympanic temperature, and plasma levels of leptin and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble TNF receptor 1 and 2 (sTNFR-1/2), soluble interleukin-2 receptors (sIL-2R), interleukin-6) were determined weekly. BMI, leptin and cytokines significantly increased over time, except interleukin-6 and sTNFR-1 in the olanzapine group. All cytokines numerically increased compared to baseline already during the first week of treatment in both groups. Leptin, TNF-alpha, sTNFR-1, sTNFR-2 and sIL-2R levels correlated with the BMI. Five patients who received clozapine (33%) developed drug-induced fever (>/=38 degrees C). In these, interleukin-6 peak levels were significantly (p<0.01) higher than in those patients treated with clozapine who did not develop fever. In conclusion, increase of BMI appears to be related to clozapine's and olanzapine's similar effects on cytokine systems, whilst drug-induced fever appears to be related to clozapine's differential effects on interleukin-6.

PMID:
18835660
DOI:
10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.08.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center