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J Clin Pharmacol. 2008 Dec;48(12):1451-9. doi: 10.1177/0091270008324180. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Pharmacokinetics and safety of ambrisentan in combination with sildenafil in healthy volunteers.

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Gilead Sciences, Inc, 7575 W. 103rd Ave, Westminster, CO 80021, USA.


The pharmacokinetic interaction between sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, and ambrisentan, an ET(A)-selective, propanoic acid-based endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA), was studied in a 2-period crossover study in 19 healthy volunteers, with ambrisentan exposure (AUC(0-infinity)) and maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) determined over 24 hours for a 10-mg dose of ambrisentan alone and again after 7 days of sildenafil 20 mg 3 times daily. The AUC(0-infinity) and C(max) for sildenafil and N-desmethyl sildenafil (active metabolite) were determined over 24 hours for a 20-mg dose of sildenafil alone and again after 7 days of dosing with ambrisentan 10 mg once daily. There was no clinically relevant pharmacokinetic interaction between ambrisentan and sildenafil or N-desmethyl sildenafil. Ambrisentan C(max) was unchanged (96.3% [90% confidence interval: 86.0%-107.8%]), with a minor increase in AUC(0-infinity) (108.5% [102.6%-111.7%]) with sildenafil coadministration. Sildenafil C(max) was increased slightly (113.4% [99.6%-129.1%]), and AUC(0-infinity) was unchanged (98.7% [91.2%-110.5%]) with ambrisentan coadministration. N-desmethyl sildenafil was unaltered. Dose adjustment of either drug is not necessary compared with administration alone.

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