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Endocrinology. 2009 Feb;150(2):966-76. doi: 10.1210/en.2008-0571. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Basigin-mediated gene expression changes in mouse uterine stromal cells during implantation.

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Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Implantation of mouse embryos is dependent on the proliferation and differentiation of uterine stromal cells in a process called decidualization. Decidualization both supports and limits the invasion of the implanting embryo and is regulated in part by the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Molecules that alter the balance between MMP and TIMP expression could prevent implantation of the embryo. The membrane glycoprotein basigin (CD147/EMMPRIN), a known inducer of MMPs, is necessary for normal implantation in the mouse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential roles of basigin during implantation in the mouse. Using an in vitro stromal cell culture system, we found that recombinant human basigin protein (rBSG) increases MMP-3 and MMP-9 expression without altering TIMP-3 expression. Our results also showed rBSG induces expression of cytokines IL-1alpha/beta and leukocyte chemoattractants, CCL3, CCL20, CXCL2, and CXCL5. More importantly, rBSG significantly suppressed stromal cell decidualization as shown by the inhibition of alkaline phosphatase-2 expression and activity by rBSG. However, rBSG did not affect stromal cell proliferation. Taken together, our data indicate that basigin mediates gene expression changes in mouse uterine stromal cells and suggests that temporal and spatial regulation of basigin expression may be involved in the recruitment of leukocytes to the mouse uterus during early pregnancy.

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