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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2008 Oct;18(5):532-40. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2008.09.009. Epub 2008 Oct 23.

Molecular dynamics of postsynaptic receptors and scaffold proteins.

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Inserm U789, Biologie Cellulaire de la Synapse, ENS, Paris, France.


The activity of neurotransmitter receptors determines the strength of synaptic transmission. Therefore, the clustering of receptors at synapses is an important mechanism underlying synaptic plasticity. The dynamic exchange of receptors between synaptic and extrasynaptic membranes is dependent on their interaction with synaptic scaffold proteins. Here, we review the recent advances and emerging concepts related to the dynamics of synaptic proteins at inhibitory and excitatory synapses. These include the imaging techniques that enable the study of protein dynamics in cells, the differences and similarities of receptor dynamics at excitatory and inhibitory synapses, the relationship between the exchange of receptor and scaffold proteins, as well as the role of receptor fluxes in the modulation of synaptic strength.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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