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J Vis. 2008 Sep 23;8(12):5.1-13. doi: 10.1167/8.12.5.

Quantitative assessment of divergence eye movements.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. kwaa.tw@yahoo.com.tw

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study sought to quantify divergence eye movements and differences between divergence and convergence to smoothly moving ramp, step, and disappearing step stimuli.

METHODS:

Eight visually normal, adult subjects participated in three experiments investigating the dynamics of responses using an infrared limbal eye tracker.

RESULTS:

There were four primary findings: (1) a smooth tracking behavior was observed for slow ramps while the fast ramps elicited smooth tracking combined with a high-velocity, step-like behavior; (2) the high-velocity components observed in the faster ramps had a similar main sequence as divergence steps; (3) divergence dynamics to disappearing steps starting at the subject's near dissociated phoria level were similar to corresponding step responses; and (4) the high-velocity components from divergence ramps were dependent on initial vergence position, whereas the high-velocity components from convergence ramps were not.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest a preprogrammed component is present in divergence similar to convergence; however, unlike convergence, the high-velocity components from divergence ramp responses are dependent on initial vergence position.

PMID:
18831618
DOI:
10.1167/8.12.5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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