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Mycopathologia. 2009 Mar;167(3):145-54. doi: 10.1007/s11046-008-9157-5. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Variability of the mitochondrial SSU rDNA of Nomuraea species and other entomopathogenic fungi from hypocreales.

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Embrapa - National Soybean Research Center, Embrapa Soja, Londrina, Cx. P. 231, 86001-970, PR, Brazil.


Hypocrealean arthropod pathogenic fungi have profound impact on the regulation of agricultural and medical pests. However, until now the genetic and phylogenetic relationships among species have not been clarified, such studies could clarify host specificity relationships and define species boundaries. Our purpose was to compare the sequences of the mitochondrial SSU rDNA fragments from several mitosporic entomopathogenic Hypocreales to infer relationships among them and to evaluate the possibility to use these sequences as species diagnostic tool in addition to the more commonly studied sequences of nuclear SSU rDNA. The SSU mt-rDNA proved to be useful to help in differentiation of species inside several genera. Clusters obtained with Parsimony, Bayesian, and Maximum Likelihood analyses were congruent with a new classification of the Clavicipitaceae (Sung et al. Stud Mycol. 2007;57:5-59) in which the anamorphic genera Nomuraea and Metarhizium species remain in the Clavicipitaceae and Isaria species sequenced here are assigned to the family Cordycipitaceae. Mitochondrial genomic information indicates the same general pattern of relationships demonstrated by nuclear gene sequences.

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