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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Oct;122(4):1131-7. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e318184590c.

Nasoalveolar molding improves appearance of children with bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate.

Author information

1
Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10022, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate is associated with nasal deformities typified by a short columella. The authors compared nasal outcomes of cleft patients treated with banked fork flaps to those of patients who underwent nasoalveolar molding and primary retrograde nasal reconstruction.

METHODS:

A retrospective review of 26 consecutive patients with bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate was performed. Group 1 patients (n = 13) had a cleft lip repair and nasal correction with banked fork flaps. Group 2 patients (n = 13) had nonsurgical columellar elongation with nasoalveolar molding followed by cleft lip closure and primary retrograde nasal correction. Group 3 patients (n = 13) were age-matched controls. Columellar length was measured at presentation and at 3 years of age. The number of nasal operations was recorded to 9 years. The Kruskal-Wallis and Tukey-Kramer tests were used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

Initial columellar length was 0.49 +/- 0.37 mm in group 1 and 0.42 +/- 0.62 mm in group 2. Post-nasoalveolar molding columellar length was 4.5 +/- 0.76 mm in group 2. By 3 years of age, columellar length was 3.03 +/- 1.47 mm in group 1, 5.98 +/- 1.09 mm in group 2, and 6.35 +/- 0.99 mm in group 3. Group 2 columellar length was significantly greater (p < 0.001) than that of group 1 and not statistically different from that of group 3 (p > 0.05). All group 1 patients (13 of 13) needed secondary nasal surgery. No nasoalveolar molding patients (zero of 13, group 2) required secondary nasal surgery.

CONCLUSION:

Nonsurgical columellar elongation with nasoalveolar molding followed by primary retrograde nasal reconstruction restored columellar length to normal by 3 years and significantly reduced the need for secondary nasal surgery.

PMID:
18827647
DOI:
10.1097/PRS.0b013e318184590c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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