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Opt Express. 2008 Sep 29;16(20):16058-63.

Nonlinear properties of split-ring resonators.

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  • 1Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA.


In this letter, the properties of split-ring resonators (SRRs) loaded with high-Q capacitors and nonlinear varactors are theoretically analyzed and experimentally measured. We demonstrate that the resonance frequency f(m) of the nonlinear SRRs can be tuned by increasing the incident power. f(m) moves to lower and higher frequencies for the SRR loaded with one varactor and two back-to-back varactors, respectively. For high incident powers, we observe bistable tunable metamaterials and hysteresis effects. Moreover, the coupling between two nonlinear SRRs is also discussed.

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