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Int J STD AIDS. 2008 Oct;19(10):698-703. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2008.008061.

Gay men who engage in substance use and sexual risk behaviour: a dual-risk group with unique characteristics.

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Department of Tuberculosis and AIDS, Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.


'Recreational' substances used among men having sex with men, and their association with risky unprotected anal intercourse (RUAI) were examined--for the first time in Israel--in an internet-based questionnaire assessing knowledge, practices and motivation. Between March and May 2005, 2873 participants completed the entire questionnaire. Of the total, 669 (23%) reported RUAI during the last six months, and 1319 (46%) used substances during sex. Use of substance was significantly higher among those performing RUAI than those who did not (31.5% versus 26.4%, P=0.03). Involvement in both substance use and RUAI was reported by 366 participants (13%). HIV rates were higher in this dual-risk group (P<0.01), and individuals reported more partners in the last six months than those not part of this dual risk (11.6 versus 8.2, P=0.02). In multivariate analyses, Tel-Aviv residency, lower education, performing receptive RUAI, misperception of HIV transmission and limited negotiation skills were positively associated with this dual-risk behaviour.

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