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Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Dec;111(3):478-86. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.08.017. Epub 2008 Sep 26.

Role of microRNAs in drug-resistant ovarian cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy. antonio.sorrentino@iss.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Chemotherapy is the preferred therapeutic approach for the therapy of advanced ovarian cancer, but a successful long-term treatment is prevented by the development of drug resistance. Recent works have underlined the involvement of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) in cancer development, with several conjectures regarding their possible involvement in the evolution of drug resistance. This work was aimed to identify selected microRNAs involved in the development of chemoresistance in ovarian cancer.

METHODS:

High-throughput analysis of the miRNA profile in a panel of paclitaxel- (A2780TAX, A2780TC1 and A2780TC3) and cisplatin-resistant (A2780CIS) cells was assessed using a microarray platform and subsequent validation with qPCR and Northern blots. Downstream target validation was performed for miR-130a and the target M-CSF.]

RESULTS:

Six miRNAs (let-7e, miR-30c, miR-125b, miR-130a and miR-335) were always diversely expressed in all the resistant cell lines. Let-7e was upregulated in A2780TAX cells, while it was downregulated in the other resistant cell lines. The opposite phenomenon was obtained for miR-125b, which was downregulated in A2780TAX and upregulated in the other cell lines. The miR-30c, miR-130a and miR-335 were downregulated in all the resistant cell lines, thereby suggesting a direct involvement in the development of chemoresistance. Finally downstream target validation was proven for the miR-130a, whose downregulation was linked to the translational activation of the M-CSF gene, a known resistance factor for ovarian cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that ovarian cancer drug resistance is associated with a distinct miRNA fingerprint, and miRNA microarrays could represent a prognostic tool to monitor the chemotherapy outcome.

PMID:
18823650
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.08.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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