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J Assoc Physicians India. 2008 Jun;56:418-24.

Efficacy of teriparatide in increasing bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis--an Indian experience.

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1
Department of Endocrinology, CARE Hospital, Hyderabad.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Osteoporosis is emerging as a leading cause of substantial morbidity in India, particularly in postmenopausal women. Teriparatide (recombinant human parathyroid hormone [1-34]) increases bone formation and improves bone microarchitecture, thereby reducing the risk of fractures. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of teriparatide in increasing bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A randomised, prospective, multicentre, open-label, controlled study was conducted on 82 postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis. Patients were randomly divided into control and teriparatide groups, each group consisting of 41 patients. All the patients were supplemented with 1000 mg of elemental calcium and 500 IU of vitamin D throughout the study period of 180 days. Besides, teriparatide group patients were administered teriparatide 20 microg daily subcutaneously. Lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip BMD, bone mineral content (BMC) and bone area were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and at the end of 6 months of treatment. Bone biomarkers, such as serum bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) and serum osteocalcin (OC), representing bone formation, and urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD), representing bone resorption were assessed at baseline, and at 3 and 6 months of treatment.

RESULTS:

During the study period, 9 patients (11%) were lost to follow-up--6 in control group (7.3%) and 3 in teriparatide group (3.7%). There was an excellent compliance to both oral and injectable medication. The investigational product teriparatide was well tolerated and there were no serious adverse events. In addition, there were no significant differences between the groups in the incidence of adverse events. The percentage of increase in lumbar spine BMD, which is the primary endpoint, was significantly (P < 0.001) higher in teriparatide group compared to that in control group (6.58% vs. 1.06%). Further, teriparatide significantly increased percentage of change in lumbar spine T-score (P < 0.001), BMC (P < 0.001) and bone area (P < 0.028) compared to control group at 6 months. Administration of teriparatide resulted in a significant percentage of increase in all the bone biomarkers in teriparatide group compared to control group patients at 3 and 6 months over baseline, thereby showing that there was a significant increase in bone turnover in teriparatide group of patients.

CONCLUSION:

These results show that teriparatide is an effective and safe drug in increasing the BMD and therefore, teriparatide provides yet another new therapeutic option for reducing the risk management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women (clinicaltrials.gov number, NCT00500409).

PMID:
18822620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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