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Anal Biochem. 2008 Dec 15;383(2):236-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2008.09.014. Epub 2008 Sep 15.

Neopterin, a marker of immune response, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative stress, correlate at high age as determined by automated simultaneous high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of human urine.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-799, South Korea.


Using an established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method based on anion exchange chromatography, fraction collection, and electrochemical detection, the oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) can be analyzed rapidly and precisely in human urine samples. In addition, by ultraviolet (UV) detection, it was shown recently that it is possible to simultaneously analyze creatinine and 7-methylguanine (m(7)Gua), an RNA degradation product, in urine. By adding a fluorescence detector to the HPLC system, we now report that it is also possible to detect pteridins such as neopterin and biopterin. The fluorescence detection was evaluated in detail for neopterin, an immune response and tumor marker. The urinary content of neopterin, assessed by using the HPLC method, was verified with a commercial neopterin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit as indicated by the high correlation between the two methods (r=0.98). In urinary samples from 58 young healthy individuals (male and female nonsmokers, ages 19-39 years), it was found that there was no significant correlation (r=-0.04) between the levels of 8-OH-dG and neopterin (as normalized to urinary creatinine levels). In contrast, in urinary samples from 60 old healthy individuals (male and female nonsmokers, ages 60-86 years), there was a significant correlation (r=0.47) found between the levels of 8-OH-dG and neopterin (as normalized to urinary creatinine levels). These findings strongly indicate that the higher level of immune response that was correlating with old age contributes significantly to the higher level of oxidative damage as assessed in the form of 8-OH-dG. Using this type of HPLC system, it is possible to evaluate oxidative DNA damage and immune response simultaneously using the respective urinary markers. These data may contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases such as infections and tumor progression where both oxidative stress and immune response occur simultaneously.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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