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Int J Clin Pract. 2008 Oct;62(10):1499-510. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2008.01841.x.

Long-term efficacy and safety of ezetimibe 10 mg in patients with homozygous sitosterolemia: a 2-year, open-label extension study.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the long-term efficacy and safety profile of ezetimibe 10 mg/day in patients with homozygous sitosterolemia.

METHODS:

This was an extension of a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled base study in which patients with homozygous sitosterolemia and plasma sitosterol concentrations > 5 mg/dl were randomised 4 : 1 to ezetimibe 10 mg/day (n = 30) or placebo (n = 7) for 8 weeks. Patients who successfully completed the base study with > 80% compliance to study medication were eligible to enter two, successive, 1-year extension studies in which ezetimibe 10 mg/day was administered in an open-label manner. Patients remained on their current treatment regimen (e.g. bile salt-binding resins, statins and low-sterol diet) during the base and extension studies. Patients had to be off ezetimibe therapy for > or = 4 weeks prior to entering the first extension. Efficacy and safety/tolerability parameters were evaluated every 12 and 26 weeks in the first and second years respectively. The primary efficacy end-point was mean percentage change in plasma sitosterol from baseline to study end for the cohort of patients (n = 21) who successfully completed the second extension study.

RESULTS:

Treatment with ezetimibe 10 mg/day led to significant mean percentage reductions from baseline in plasma concentrations of sitosterol (-43.9%; p < 0.001), campesterol (-50.8%; p < 0.001), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) sterols (-13.1%; p < 0.050), total sterols (-10.3%; p < 0.050) and apolipoprotein (apo) B (-10.1%; p < 0.050). No significant changes from baseline were observed for lathosterol, high-density lipoprotein sterol, triglycerides or apo A-1. Maximal reductions in sitosterol and campesterol occurred within the first 52 weeks of treatment and were sustained for the duration of the study. For LDL sterol, total sterols and apo B, maximal reductions were achieved early (by weeks 4 or 16) and waned slightly through the remainder of the study. Overall ezetimibe 10 mg was well tolerated.

CONCLUSION:

In patients with homozygous sitoserolemia, long-term treatment with ezetimibe 10 mg/day for 2 years was effective in reducing plasma plant sterol concentrations with an overall favourable safety and tolerability profile.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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