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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Sep 1;88(17):7864-8.

A close relative of the nuclear, chromosomal high-mobility group protein HMG1 in yeast mitochondria.

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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724.


ABF2 (ARS-binding factor 2), a small, basic DNA-binding protein that binds specifically to the autonomously replicating sequence ARS1, is located primarily in the mitochondria of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The abundance of ABF2 and the phenotype of abf2- null mutants argue that this protein plays a key role in the structure, maintenance, and expression of the yeast mitochondrial genome. The predicted amino acid sequence of ABF2 is closely related to the high-mobility group proteins HMG1 and HMG2 from vertebrate cell nuclei and to several other DNA-binding proteins. Additionally, ABF2 and the other HMG-related proteins are related to a globular domain from the heat shock protein hsp70 family. ABF2 interacts with DNA both nonspecifically and in a specific manner within regulatory regions, suggesting a mechanism whereby it may aid in compacting the mitochondrial genome without interfering with expression.

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