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Rev Esp Cardiol. 2008 Oct;61(10):1030-40.

Prevalence, geographic distribution and geographic variability of major cardiovascular risk factors in Spain. Pooled analysis of data from population-based epidemiological studies: the ERICE Study.

Collaborators (85)

Gabriel Sánchez R, Rodríguez Salvanés F, Fernández Jiménez G, Alonso Arroyo M, Sánchez Gómez LM, Suárez C, Aguilar R, Novella Arribas B, Vega Quiroga S, García Olmos L, Fernández-Cruz A, Zarco Gutiérrez P, Pérez Gómez F, Zamorano Gómez J, Banegas JR, Rodríguez Artalejo F, Pérez-Regadera AG, Guallar Castillón P, de la Cruz JJ, Gutiérrez-Fisac JL, Villar Alvarez F, Muñiz García J, López Rodríguez I, Rodríguez Ledo P, Gómez Sal E, Sánchez de Enciso Ruíz M, Zapata Medín ML, Porritt Lueiro B, Latorre Domínguez J, Méndez Fernández JA, Alvarez Chorén IL, Jacob González E, Vázquez Prado M, Vidán Martínez L, Pérez Castro TR, Brotons Ciuxart C, Roura Poch P, Leyva Rus A, Chirveches Pérez E, Salla Tarregó R, Marrugat de la Iglesia J, Elosua R, Rolhfs I, Martí H, Divisón Garrote JA, Artigao Ródenas M, Martínez Navarro E, Sanchís Doménech C, Carbayo Herencia JA, Carrión Valero L, Escribano Martínez J, Sánchez Sánchez F, Aroca Aguilar D, Segura Fragoso A, García Colmenero C, Almar Marqués E, Mateos Ramos A, Rius Mery G, Rodríguez Padial L, Castellanos Martínez E, Alcalá López JE, Graupner Abad C, Hernández Simón P, Pajín Valbuena LF, Cantón Rubio T, Moreu Burgos J, Maicas Bellido C, García de Castro AM, Vega G, Tormo Díaz MJ, Melgarejo Moreno JA, García Rodríguez J, Rodríguez Barranco M, Gavrila D, Seguí Real B, Rigo Carratalá F, Frontera Juan G, Rodríguez Ruiz T, Sánchez García FJ, Pagés Amat M, Borràs Bosch I, Ramos Monserrat M, Llovera Cánaves J, Sebastián García A, Fuentespina Vidal E.

Author information

1
Unidad de Epidemiología Clínica-Investigación y Red RECAVA, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

To determine the prevalence and geographic distribution of major cardiovascular risk factors in the Spanish population. To investigate whether geographic variability exists.

METHODS:

Data were pooled from eight cross-sectional epidemiologic studies carried out in Spain between 1992 and 2001 whose methodological quality satisfied predefined criteria. Individual data were reassessed and analyzed by age group (20-44 years, 45-64 years, and 365 years), sex and geographic area. The study population included 19,729 individuals. Mean values and unadjusted and adjusted prevalence rates were derived for various risk factors.

RESULTS:

The most common cardiovascular risk factors in the Spanish population were, in descending order: hypercholesterolemia (i.e., total cholesterol >200 mg/dL) in 46.7%, hypertension in 37.6%, smoking in 32.2%, obesity in 22.8%, and diabetes mellitus in 6.2%. The mean values for blood pressure, body mass index, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and glycemia varied considerably with age, sex and geographic area. The highest levels of cardiovascular risk factors were observed in Mediterranean and south-eastern areas of the country and the lowest, in northern and central areas.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors in Spain was high. Their distribution varied considerably with geographic area.

PMID:
18817679
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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