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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Nov 28;376(4):748-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.09.070. Epub 2008 Sep 22.

Gene trapping identifies a putative tumor suppressor and a new inducer of cell migration.

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Department of Molecular Hematology, University of Frankfurt Medical School, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.


Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in apoptotic cell death, cellular proliferation, differentiation, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. In tumors it is secreted by tumor associated macrophages and can have both pro- and anti-tumorigenic effects. To identify genes regulated by TNFalpha, we performed a gene trap screen in the mammary carcinoma cell line MCF-7 and recovered 64 unique, TNFalpha-induced gene trap integration sites. Among these were the genes coding for the zinc finger protein ZC3H10 and for the transcription factor grainyhead-like 3 (GRHL3). In line with the dual effects of TNFalpha on tumorigenesis, we found that ZC3H10 inhibits anchorage independent growth in soft agar suggesting a tumor suppressor function, whereas GRHL3 strongly stimulated the migration of endothelial cells which is consistent with an angiogenic, pro-tumorigenic function.

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