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PLoS One. 2008 Sep 24;3(9):e3240. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003240.

Some rare Indo-Pacific coral species are probable hybrids.

Author information

1
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Coral reefs worldwide face a variety of threats and many coral species are increasingly endangered. It is often assumed that rare coral species face higher risks of extinction because they have very small effective population sizes, a predicted consequence of which is decreased genetic diversity and adaptive potential.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Here we show that some Indo-Pacific members of the coral genus Acropora have very small global population sizes and are likely to be unidirectional hybrids. Whether this reflects hybrid origins or secondary hybridization following speciation is unclear.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

The interspecific gene flow demonstrated here implies increased genetic diversity and adaptive potential in these coral species. Rare Acropora species may therefore be less vulnerable to extinction than has often been assumed because of their propensity for hybridization and introgression, which may increase their adaptive potential.

PMID:
18813338
PMCID:
PMC2531234
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0003240
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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