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J Neurosci Methods. 2009 Jan 30;176(2):121-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2008.08.028. Epub 2008 Sep 2.

1-Phenoxy-2-propanol is a useful anaesthetic for gastropods used in neurophysiology.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H1X5, Canada. rwyeth@stfx.ca <rwyeth@stfx.ca>

Abstract

Anaesthesia is often used in neurophysiological, surgical, and neuroanatomical protocols. Several anaesthetics, including magnesium chloride, volatiles (halothane, etc.), and barbiturates, have been used in gastropod neurobiology. 1-Phenoxy-2-propanol (PP) is another anaesthetic option that has not yet been used extensively. We provide an analysis of the neural, muscular and behavioural effects of PP in gastropods. PP eliminates action potentials and reduces muscular contraction force in Hermissenda crassicornis, and eliminates behavioural activity in Tritonia diomedea. Our results show these effects are reversible, with complete action potential recovery, at least partial muscular recovery, and full behavioural recovery. Survival after surgery in T. diomedea was longer with PP than without anaesthetic, and PP also reduced contraction during tissue fixation in Lymnaea stagnalis. Moreover, PP can be bath applied, has low toxicity, and is biodegradable. Thus, PP is an effective anaesthetic in three species of gastropods, and useful in neurophysiological dissection, surgical, and fixation protocols.

PMID:
18809433
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneumeth.2008.08.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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