Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Jpn J Antibiot. 1991 Mar;44(3):345-56.

[A study of the absorption and excretion of fosfomycin sodium in children].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Pediatric Department, Meitetsu Hospital.

Abstract

Fosfomycin sodium (FOM-Na, Forocyle-S) was administered at 25 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg to 15 children between the ages of 3 and 15 through intravenous injection or through 1 hour intravenous drip infusion, and concentrations in blood serum and excretion through urine were examined and a pharmacokinetic analysis was carried out using the one-compartment model. 1. Average concentrations in the blood serum after injections with 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg were 55.3 +/- 6.3 micrograms/ml and 118.8 +/- 31.1 micrograms/kg 30 minutes after injection, respectively, and their half-lives were 1.04 +/- 0.15 hours and 0.98 +/- 0.17 hours, respectively. Six hours after injection, the levels were 2.7 +/- 1.6 micrograms/kg and 6.2 +/- 5.5 micrograms/kg, respectively. With 1 hour intravenous drip infusion of 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg, average concentrations the blood serum were 34.2 +/- 14.9 micrograms/ml and 89.7 +/- 6.7 micrograms/ml, respectively, and their half-lives were 0.87 +/- 0.24 hour and 0.69 +/- 0.10 hour, respectively. Six hours after the administration, the levels were 2.7 +/- 1.8 micrograms/ml and 6.7 +/- 0.8 micrograms/ml. There was a clear dose response in the concentration levels in the blood in those given the drug at 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg in either method of administration. 2. Average levels in urine after injection of 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg were 5,778 +/- 2,257 micrograms/ml and 6,268 +/- 3,329 micrograms/ml 0-2 hours after administration, respectively, and average levels at 4-6 hours were 701 +/- 765 micrograms/ml and 1,588 +/- 1,324 micrograms/ml, respectively. Average excretion, rates into the urine were 72.8 +/- 11.0 and 73.9 +/- 11.1%, respectively. In case of 1 hour drips infusion of 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg, average concentrations in the urine 0-2 hours after administration were 3,570 +/- 1,540 micrograms/ml and 11,800 micrograms/ml, respectively, and averages for 4-6 hours were 211 +/- 124 micrograms/ml and 1,300 micrograms/ml. Average rates of excretion into the urine for the first group was 57.9 +/- 16.3% and the second group was 78.4%. Clear dose response was observed in changes of drug concentration levels in the urine with 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg doses through either administration method, and in terms of excretion into the urine, no noticeable differences were observed between the different amounts administered or different administration methods.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
1880916
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center