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J Nat Prod. 2008 Oct;71(10):1749-53. doi: 10.1021/np800328r. Epub 2008 Sep 23.

Cycloartane glycosides from Sutherlandia frutescens.

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1
Department of Pharmacognosy, National Center for Natural Products Research, School of Pharmacy, The University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677, USA.

Abstract

Four new cycloartane glycosides, sutherlandiosides A-D (1-4), were isolated from the South African folk medicine Sutherlandia frutescens and their structures established by spectroscopic methods and X-ray crystallography as 1 S,3 R,24S,25-tetrahydroxy-7S,10S-epoxy-9,10- seco-9,19-cyclolanost-9(11)-ene 25-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), 3R,7S,24S,25-tetrahydroxycycloartan-1-one 25-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), 3R,24S,25-trihydroxycycloartane-1,11-dione 25-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), and 7S,24S,25-trihydroxycycloart-2-en-1-one 25-O-beta-D-glucoyranoside (4). Compound 1 represents the first secocycloartane skeleton possessing a 7,10-oxygen bridge. Compounds 2- 4 are also the first examples of naturally occurring cycloartanes with a C-1 ketone functionality. Biosynthetic considerations and chemical evidence suggest that the presence of the C-1 ketone in 2 may facilitate the ring opening of the strained cyclopropane system.

PMID:
18808182
PMCID:
PMC3457064
DOI:
10.1021/np800328r
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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